WIMPHELING, Jacobus (1450-1528). Philippica in laudem et defensionem Philippi comitis Rheni Palatini Bavariae ducis. Strassburg: Martin Schott, 19 November 1498.
Chancery 4° (180 x 120mm). Collation: A6 B C4 (A1r title and woodcut arms of the Palatine and Bavaria, A1v blank, A2r text, C4r colophon and printer's device). 14 leaves, 34 lines. Types: 5:210G (heading), 4:85R (text). (Repair to margin of B2 edging into text, a few small wormholes). Modern half vellum with marbled paper boards.
FIRST EDITION of this work by Jakob Wimpfeling, German humanist of the late 15th- and early 16th-centuries and member of Celtis's 'Sodelitas Rhenania'(see lot 52). Wimpfeling was the most conservative of the leading humanists, concerned with preserving the Empire and existing ecclesiastical dogma, but in this way he was typical of a large segment of German humanism throughout this period. Originating from Sélestat, Upper Alsace, Wimpfeling became professor of poetry and rhetoric at Heidelberg University in 1496, at the request of Philip, elector Palatine. Philippica was written by Wimpfeling in 1498 as pedagogic-political rhetoric, discussing the duties of a competent prince in the form of a dialogue, and performed in the presence of Elector Philip. It was followed a few days later by a companion piece, Wimpfeling's second work, Agatharcia (see lot 205) - the study of a modern prince, dedicated to the Elector's son, the future Louis V. His next work was Adolescentia, which was considered to be the definitive work in Germany on humanistic education. Wimpfeling subsequently retired to the Williamite Monastery in Strassburg where he continued his studies and plans for educational reform, producing numerous works and becoming involved with other influential humanists, such as Johann Geiler, Sebastian Brant and, more loosely, Erasmus. RARE; no copy sold at auction since the Broxbourne sale (1978). HC 16186; BMC I 96 (IA 1218); BSB-Ink. W-75; Schreiber 5483; Goff W-47.