[WORLD WAR II]. ROOSEVELT, Franklin D., President. Signature ("Franklin D. Roosevelt') as President, on a one-dollar U.S. Silver Certificate, also signed by Admiral WILLIAM D. LEAHY, FDR's private secretary HARRY S. HOPKINS, Rear Admiral Wilson Brown, Dr. Ross McIntire, and Maj. General E.M. ("Pa") Watson and others, including crew members of the plane which flew the Presidential party from Tunis to Teheran, Iran; signed en route, 22 November 1943. An oblong, signed in various inks on verso, labeled at top "Special Mission 23/11/43."
SIGNED BY ROOSEVELT AND HIS AIDES, EN ROUTE TO THE HISTORIC CAIRO AND TEHERAN CONFERENCES
Roosevelt and Churchill met initially in Cairo, Egypt, then continued on to Teheran for the "Big Three" conference with Stalin. Roosevelt and his staff reached Cairo early in the morning of 22 November. It is probable that the present bill or "short snorter" was passed around the airplane on the long flight and signed by the President and his party, which included trusted aides William Leahy, Harry Hopkins, "Pa" Watson, his beloved appointments secretary and others. On arrival, the President "found that Generalissimo and Mme. Chiang Kai-shek and a small Chinese delegation, as well as the Prime Minister and his large staff, had arrived a few days ahead of them. The U.S. delegation was driven to the conference area...not far from the pyramids" (M. Matloff, Strategic Planning for Coalition Warfare 1943-1944, p.347).
Also present were Generals George C. Marshall, Joseph Stilwell, Claire Chennault, Albert Wedemeyer and Lord Louis Mountbatten (Supreme Allied Commander, SEAC). "With little ado, the Combined Chiefs of Staff got down to business on the afternoon of the 22d. The opening days of SEXTANT--the American-British-Chinese phase--saw the Anglo-American staffs in daily session from 22 through 26 November..." The British and Americans clashed over Churchill's continued plea to attack Southern Europe instead of France, while the British tried to derail what they saw as the American obsession with aiding Chiang in China. On the 27th, Roosevelt and his party continued on to Teheran for the President's critical first meeting with Joseph Stalin, where the Allies cemented their plans for Operation Overlord. Upon his return, in a 24 December Fireside chat, Roosevelt reviewed the accomplishments of his historic diplomatic travels, and soberly cautioned Americans that "the war is now reaching the stage where we shall all have to look forward to large casualty lists--dead, wounded, and missing," FDR said. "War entails just that. There is no easy road to victory. And the end is not yet in sight."