5 December 2006
WYTFLIET, Cornelis van. Norumbega et Virginia. [Louvain, 1597 (this state Douai, 1607)].
Hand-colored engraved map, 232 x 294 mm (306 x 371 mm). (Backed with linen, short closed marginal tear just crossing lower right latitudinal border.)
"THIS WAS THE MOST ACCURATE MAP OF THE EAST COAST UNTIL DE LAET, 1630, AND ONLY THE SECOND TO USE VIRGINIA IN THE TITLE" (Burden). This is state 2, issued in 1607, with the date removed and the latitude still uncorrected and reading "30." Cornelius van Wytfliet's Descriptionis Ptolemaicae augmentum was published at Louvain in 1597. For the book, a history of the New World to date, Wytfliet had engraved nineteen maps, one world and eighteen regional maps of the Americas. Eight relate to the north of the continent. The book was an immediate success and further editions were published through 1615, also under the title Histoire universelle des Indes...
"This is from the first atlas of the New World by Cornelius van Wytfliet. It shows the east coast of North America from the Outer Banks of present day Carolina to Canada. It is depicted at a period just before a number of English voyages to explore and settle the coast... No Long Island or Hudson River are shown... One of the main inaccuracies of the map is that the middle Atlantic coast is placed some 4° to 6° too far north resulting in Chesipooc Sinus (Chesapeake Bay) being placed at the same latitude as present day southern Maine... NORUMBEGA, used at first to delineate a large area and a mythical city, later came to be seen to represent the area of Penobscot Bay in present day Maine. In the early 1600s Samuel de Champlain set out to find it, unsuccessfully, and it was eventually dropped from use. Cape Breton is here shown out in the Atlantic on its own" (Burden 103). Cumming 19; Danforth p. 36; Koeman III:219; Phillips 1140.
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