ZHANG BI (1425-1487)
POEMS IN RUNNING SCRIPT CALLIGRAPHY
Hnadscroll, ink on gold flecked paper
26.8 x 133 (10 1/2 x 52 3/8 in.)
Two seals of the artist: Dong Hai Weng, Tian Qu Xuan
Six collectors' seals, including one of Zhang Qun (1889-1990), and one of Hu Huichun (20th century)
Twelve colophons at the end of the scroll including:
one by Wen Zhengming (1470-1559), signed, with two seals; and
one by Yu Youren (1879-1964)
Three collectors' seals on the mounting, including two of Zhang Qun
Frontispiece by Qin Xiaoyi (20th century)
Outer titleslip by Wang Zhuangwei (20th century)
The three poems were written by Zhang Bi to his sons Hongzhi and Hongyi as encouragement for them when they were away from home taking the official examinations.
The scroll only carries the artist's seals but no signature. However, it will be most unusual for any father to be signing their full formal name when writing to their children.