[MARY I, Queen of England (1516-1558)]. Decorated manuscript with Royal seal, ELEVATING WILLIAM HOWARD to the rank of Baron Effingham, Westminster, 11 March 1553/1554. 1 page, 355 x 545 mm. (14 x 21½ in.), ON FINE PARCHMENT, written in Latin in a clear chancery hand, WITH FINE PEN-WORK DECORATION: the first line of text elaborately decorated with engrossed majascules and interlaces, LARGE INITIAL "M" ENCLOSING A PORTRAIT OF THE ENTHRONED QUEEN in flowing gown and royal robes holding scepter and cross, with motto "Vivat Regina"; the upper margin brilliantly decorated with penwork griffon and lion, each bearing a banner, and a large Tudor rose, SIGNED "H.J." BY THE ARTIST, in a fine giltwood frame.
SEAL: Great seal of Mary I, in brown wax (diameter 127 mm. (5 in.), depicting the enthroned queen flanked by Tudor rose and crowned heraldic seal), pendant on green and white plaited cord, edges with chips and repaired break.
An important Royal grant, by which the Queen elevates William Howard (1510?-1573) to Baron of Effingham. Howard served as an ambassador to Scotland and France under Henry VIII, but fell into disfavor in 1541 after he was convicted of "misprision of treason" due to his relationship with Catherine Howard (his niece), Henry VIII's fifth wife (beheaded in 1542). Later pardoned, he served in the invasion of Scotland and was sent to Calais as Governor. In 1553/54, as Sir Thomas Wyat approached London, Howard exerted himself in defense of the Queen, and was rewarded with the barony of Effingham (see DNB, pp. 77-79). Mary I (1516-1558), daughter of Henry VIII and Catharine of Aragon, reigned from 1553 to 1558, and earned the nickname "Bloody Mary" for her persecution of Protestants after she re-established Catholicism.