QUINTILIANUS, Marcus Fabius (ca. 35-ca. 100). Institutiones oratoriae. Edited by J.A. Campanus. Rome: [Joannes Philippus de Lignamine], 3 August 1470.
Median 2° (321 x 222mm). Collation: [14 2-710 88 9-1110 12-138 146(1+1) 15-2410 258 26-2910 308 (1/1r editor's address to Cardinal Francisco Piccolomini, 1/2r tabula, 1/4v blank, 2/1r author's prologue, text, books 1-5, 15/1r books 6-10, 26/1r books 11-12, 30/8r colophon, 30/8v blank). 281 leaves. 35 lines. Types 1:125R, 125Gk. 2- to 7-line initial spaces. (Blank section of lower margin of 1/1 renewed, small wormholes in first and final few leaves touching a few letters, light dampstain at beginning and end, some light browning.) Modern brown morocco tooled in gilt and blind, red edges, brown morocco and linen slipcase.
FIRST EDITION of Quintilian's comprehensive treatise on classical rhetorical theory. Aiming to restore the art of rhetoric to the high standards of Cicero, Quintilian outlines the training of an orator, which he insisted instilled good character and was necessary to responsible citizenship. The Institutiones oratoriae had almost no manuscript circulation in the Middle Ages, although it was known through quotations and extracts in the works of others. Once Poggio discovered a complete manuscript of the text at St. Gall in 1416, however, the Institutiones were copies widely and its influence on Renaissance humanism significant. The present first edition is derived, although at some remove, from the Poggio copy of the St. Gall manuscript (see Reynolds, Texts and Transmission).
The Institutiones is the first book printed by Lignamine, the first native printer in Italy. Lignamine's Greek type used here was the third Greek type, following that of Peter Schoeffer at Mainz and Sweynheym and Pannartz at Subiaco and Rome. BMC IV, 29 (IB. 17362-3); CIBN Q-14; HC 13646; IGI 8258; Goff Q-24.