[EGENOLPH, Christian (1502-1555)]. Herbarum, arborum, fructicum, frumentorum ac leguminum... Imagines... Kreuter, Bäume, Gestreude, unnd Früchte... Conterfaytet und mit iren namen benennet. Frankfurt: Egenolph, .
4o (192 x 139 mm). Collation: π4 *4 A-Z4 a-i4 k6. 134 (of 142 leaves lacking 7 preliminary leaves, and k6 presumably blank). FULLY COLORED BY CONTEMPORARY HAND with hand-colored woodcut illustration on title and approximately 800 hand-colored woodcut illustrations in text (including about 660 botanical illustrations). (Title laid down, k2, h4 and i2 with marginal repairs, some browning and staining throughout, some blank upper corners worn, final leaf restored.) 20th-century half vellum (hinges cracked). Provenance: Stadtbibliothek Frankfurt (ink stamp); Mrs. J.D. Caeron Bradley (presentation bookplate); Massachusetts Horticultural Society.
EXTREMELY RARE second or third edition of one of the earliest field herbals. Most of the woodcuts are reduced copies of Hans Weiditz's important illustrations for Brunfels' Herbarum vivae eicones (Strassburg: Johann Schott, 1530-1532), and of Veit Rudolph Speckle's woodcuts after drawings by Heinrich Füllmaurer and Albert Meyer for Fuchs' De historia stirpium commentarii insignes (Basel: Michael Isingrin, 1542) the first realistic and accurate published illustrations of plants. These piracies of Weiditz's and Speckle's woodcuts have an unusual history. Egenolph seems to have had them cut for his 1533 edition of Eucharius Rösslin's Kreutterbuch, a compilation of earlier herbals. In 1534 Brunfels' publisher Johann Schott successfully sued Egenolph for plagiarism and had the woodblocks confiscated and shipped to Strassburg, where he proceeded to use the plagiarazed blocks for his own 1534 German-text edition of Brunfels (Nissen 259). Unphased, Egenolph apparently had a set of blocks cut anew, with the addition of newly discovered American plants, copies from woodcuts in Fuchs' edition, for they reappear in the present edition and in several later editions of popular herbals published by him, his heirs, and associated Frankfurt printers. The last few gatherings feature pictures of marine life, animals, birds, and insects. Adams H-294; Cleveland Collections 68 (their copy lacking 27 leaves); NLM/Durling 1546. Sold not subject to return.