LINNAEUS, Carolus. Hortus cliffortianus. Amsterdam, 1737 [i.e., 1738].
2o (418 x 251 mm). Half-title, engraved allegorical frontispiece of the Hortus Cliffortianus by and after Jan Wandelaar, title printed in red and black, engraved title vignette, Wandelaar's 1-p. explanation of the frontispiece, Linnaeus' dedications to George Clifford and to the "botanical reader," the dedications dated from Hartekamp, 30 July 1737. 36 engraved plates (plate 32 misbound), 28 by Wandelaar, of which 20 after G. D. Ehret (some occasional pale dampstaining and spotting). Contemporary mottled calf, spine gilt, morocco spine label (front joint split, label chipped, wear at extremities). Provenance: Massachusetts Horticultural Society, Stickney Fund (bookplate).
FIRST EDITION of Linnaeus' first detailed catalogue of cultivated plants. During the three years that Linnaeus spent in Holland in 1735-38, staying mostly with the wealthy Anglo-Dutch banker George Clifford (1685-1760) at his estate at Hartekamp, near Haarlem, he produced an astonishing body of work, the most important of which were his Systema naturae (1735), in which he presented his new system of the plant, animal and mineral kingdoms; the Fundamenta botanica, in which he set forth his theory for systematic botany; the Genera plantarum, containing short descriptions of all 935 plant genera known at the time; and the Bibliotheca botanica, a comprehensive list of botanical literature. Published at Clifford's expense, the Hortus Cliffortianus contains Linnaeus' definitions and synonyms for the numerous species in Clifford's incomparable botanical gardens, which Clifford had placed under Linnaeus' direction. Linnaeus used the work extensively to provide examples for his monumental Species plantarum (1753). Wandelaar's engravings, most after designs by Georg Dionysius Ehret, make this Linnaeus' only truly beautiful publication. Dunthorne 186; Hunt 504; Nissen BBI 1215; Norman 1358; Stafleu & Cowan TL-2 4719; Wellcome III, p. 552.