This painting was formerly in the celebrated collection of King William II of the Netherlands. A passionate collector, the bulk of the King's first collection was destroyed by fire in 1820. Undeterred, however, he began again, and by the end of 1823 had already accumulated 49 major paintings, including works by Bellini and Perugino. By the end of his life, his collection included such works as del Piombo's Lamentation (St. Petersburg, Hermitage) and del Sarto's Madonna and Child (London, Wallace Collection); perhaps his most remarkable acquisition was a set of two portfolios containing over 500 drawings by Fra Bartolommeo (Rotterdam, Boijmans-Van Beuningen Museum). Northern works included Rembrandt's Man in Oriental Costume (New York, Metropolitan Museum of Art), Rubens' Christ's Charge to Peter (London, Wallace Collection), Van Eyck's Annunciation (Washington, D.C., National Gallery), and his Lucca Madonna (Frankfurst, Städelsches Kunstinstitut), and Van der Weyden's Miraflores Triptych (Berlin, Gemäldegalerie). After his death it emerged that, less than a year previously, King William had borrowed one million guilders from his brother-in-law, Tsar Nicholas I of Russia, with the paintings as security. It was decided to auction the collection in order to repay the loan.