London, South Kensington
23 April 2008
LOWER, Richard (1631-1691) and Sir Edmund KING (1629-1707). An Account of more Tryals of Transfusion, accompanied with some Considerations thereon, chiefly in Reference to its Circumspect Practice on Man; together with a Farther Vindicaiton of this Invention from Usurpers [and:]
HOOKE, Robert (1635-1703). An Account of an Experiment of Preserving Animals alive by Blowing through their Lungs with Bellows. [London: 1667].
Respectively pp.517-525 and 539-540 of the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society, Monday October 21, 1667. 4° (214 x 164mm). (Spotted, browned). Modern boards.
Two highly significant papers published in the Philosophical Transactions in October 1667. I. Occurring after Lower's successful dog to dog transfusion of February 1665 (Garrison-Morton 2012) and before his transfusion of blood to a man performed five weeks later on November 23rd 1667 (Garrison-Morton 2014), this letter claims the idea of transfusion to Sir Christopher Wren and the technique of human transfusion to Lower. It was written to refute Denis' claim to the idea being French even though he performed the first human transfusion in Paris before Lower did. It contains detailed instructions on how such a transfusion should be performed. II. 'By blowing air from a bellows over the exposed lungs of a dog, Hooke proved that respiratory motion is not necessary to maintain life, but that the essential feature of respiration lies in certain blood changes in the lungs', Garrison-Morton 916. Gedeon pp.68-74.
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