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Presumably acquired by John Stuart, 3rd Earl of Bute (1713-1792), for Luton Park, Bedfordshire, where a 'portrait' by Franz 'Halas or Halls' was recorded by Brownlow Cecil, 9th Earl of Exeter (1725-1793) in 1776 in his copy of Orlandi's Abecedario Pittorico (see F. Russell, loc. cit.), and by descent through
John Stuart, 3rd Marquess of Bute (1847-1900) to
Lord Robert Crichton-Stuart, by 1949 (according to E.K. Waterhouse's annotation on his copy of the 1883 exhibition catalogue [J.P. Getty Museum, Los Angeles]).
We are grateful for the loan of this frame from Arnold Wiggins & Sons. For more information on the frame please contact a memeber of the department.
THE PROPERTY OF A TRUST
W. Bode, Studien zur Geschichte der holländischen Malerei, Berlin, 1883, no. 135 (dated c. 1635).
J.P. Richter, Catalogue of Paintings Lent for Exhibition by the Marquess of Bute, Glasgow, 1884, no. 69, 'This highly important work..'.
E. Moes, Iconographia Batava, Amsterdam, 1897-1905, p. 530, nos. 8491-2.
E.W. Moes, Frans Hals, sa vie et son oeuvre, translated J. de Boschere, Brussels, 1909, pp. 70-1, no. 81.
C. Hofstede de Groot, A Catalogue Raisonné, etc., X, London, 1910, p. 70, no. 236, as on panel, 'The hands are modelled in a masterly fashion'.
W. von Bode and M.J. Binder, Frans Hals. His Life and Work (translated M.W. Brockwell), I, 1914, p. 16, no. 203, fig. 129A.
W.R. Valentiner, Frans Hals. Des Meisters Gemälde (Klassiker der Kunst), Stuttgart and Berlin, 1921, p. 200, illustrated and p. 318; also the 1923 edition, Berlin and Leipzig, p. 214, illustrated, and p. 319.
P.C. Molhuysen and Fr.K.H. Kossmann, Nieuw Nederlandsch Biografisch Woordenboek, Leiden, 1933, IX, p. 1210.
C. Grimm, Frans Hals: Entwicklung, Werkanalyse Gesamtkatalog, Berlin, 1972, p. 215, as Frans Hals II.
S. Slive, Frans Hals, New York and London, 1974, II, pl. 248; III, pp. 77-8. no. 152.
C. Grimm and E.C. Montagni, L'Opera Completa di Frans Hals, Milan, 1974, p. 104, no. 165b, as Frans Hals II; also the French edition, Tout l'oeuvre peint de Frans Hals, Paris, 1976, no. 165b.
C. Grimm, Frans Hals. Das Gesamtwerk, Stuttgart and Zurich, 1989, p. 46, and p. 268, footnote 26; also the English edition, Frans Hals. The Complete Work, New York, 1990, p. 46, and p. 267, footnote 27, as workshop.
F. Russell, John, 3rd Earl of Bute: Patron and Collector, London, 2004, p. 193.
London, Bethnal Green Branch Museum, The Collection of Paintings Lent for Exhibition by the Marquis of Bute, K.T., 1883, no. 94.
Glasgow, The Collection of Paintings Lent for Exhibition by the Marquis of Bute, K.T., 1884, no. 69.