No other examples of mid to late Ming date appear to have been published. Judging from the excellent quality the needlework in creating such a complex design and use of such a rich array of materials, it is possible to conclude that the present thangka would have been a costly production, probably commissioned either by the emperor or very high officials, and offered as a special gift. The brocades chosen to construct the composition, a number of patches with woven gold threads, are datable to the Ming dynasty Wanli period. As such, it is possible that the production of the thangka is dated to the latter half of the sixteenth century.
A limited number of appliques of this type prevailed from 17th to 19th century. Cf. an example dated to the early Qing dynasty, depicting a seated Ratnasambhava rendered in a similar composition as the present thangka, but the work was constructed in Tibet, illustrated by J. E. Vollmer, Silks for Thrones and Altars, Chinese Costumes and Textiles, Myrna Myers, 2003, no. 69. Also, compare with two other examples, dated to 18th/19th century, illustrated op. cit., no. 68, of Tibetan construction, and no. 70, Mongolian construction.