Spinach jade was often reserved for large pieces in the Imperial palace, and the present example is unusually large for a marriage bowl. Compare with two slightly smaller examples, both with the similar Bajixiang theme on the exterior but butterfly handles. The first is from the Alan & Simone Hartman Collection, sold at Christie's New York, 26 March 2010, lot 1140. The other with an additional Jiaqing Yushang mark was sold at Christie's Hong Kong, 30 April 2000, lot 520.
Bowls of this type were often given as gifts on special occasions, such as a wedding or birthday. The combination of decorative motifs on these bowls usually formed a rebus appropriate to the event. The bats and Shou characters represent fortune and longevity. The peonies represent wealth. It is most likely this bowl was commissioned as a gift in honor of a birthday, wishing someone a long life and the fulfilment of all his wishes.