Antun Augustincic was a prominent Croatian sculptor active in Yugoslavia. His most notable sculptures include the Peace monument which stands in front of the United Nations building in New York City, and the Miner statue in front of the International Labour Organization headquarters in Geneva.
The bronzes were owned by late General Ljubodrag Duric who was Chief of Cabinet to the late President Tito, and Chief Commander of Belgrade after the end of World War II. The sculptures were a personal gift from the sculptor to the General for his suggestion to President Tito that he be given State commissions. In his book 'Sjecanja na ljude i dogadaje' (Memories on the People and Events), Belgrade 1989, chapter 62 he wrote 'So I suggested inviting Augustincic to cast us busts of Marx, Engels and Lenin. Tito accepted immediately. For this order Augustincic gave me all three busts as a gift that I am still keeping in my apartment…'