HAKLUYT, Richard (ca 1552-1616). The Principall Navigations, Voiages and Discoveries of the English nation, made by Sea or over Land, to the most remote and farthest distant Quarters of the earth at any time within the compasse of these 1500 yeeres: Devided into three severall parts, according to the positions of the Regions whereunto they were directed. London: George Bishop and Ralph Newberie, Deputies to Christopher Berber, 1589.
2° (278 x 188 mm). Black letter. Folding engraved world map after Ortelius (Shirley 167; 328 x 486 mm, cropped, lined on verso, two stains within title panel), woodcut historiated and ornamental initials and head- and tail-pieces, woodcut devices on title and colophon page. (Title with small marginal hole and possibly supplied, lacking blank leaf X4, *2-7 with semicircular stain in upper margin, O1 and Ttt1 with short tears in lower margin, Ss5-6 with small rust-hole affecting a few letters.) 20th-century calf. Provenance: G.H. (initials in ink on title).
"THE MOST COMPLETE COLLECTION OF VOYAGES AND DISCOVERIES, BY LAND AS WELL AS BY SEA, AND OF THE NAUTICAL ACHIEVEMENTS OF THE ELIZABETHANS" (PMM)
FIRST EDITION OF THE FIRST ENGLISH COLLECTION OF VOYAGES, second issue of the Bowes leaves (Xx5-Yy6), WITH THE SIX UNPAGINATED LEAVES DESCRIBING DRAKE'S CIRCUMNAVIGATION inserted between pages 642 and 643. The map, which is frequently lacking, is based on a combination of Ortelius maps, the central world oval being taken from his third world map of 1587, while the cloud border is from his earlier plates. This map was used later in the 1598 translation of Linschoten's Voyages.
"Hakluyt was a vigorous propagandist and empire-builder; his purpose was to further British expansion overseas. He saw Britain's greatest opportunity in the colonization of America, which he advocated chiefly for economic reasons" (Hill 743). The work is, as the title suggests, limited to the exploits of English explorers, but it is nevertheless comprehensive and accurate. The third part concentrates on the exploration of the New World and includes much information about both North and South America. Alden & Landis 589/31; Church 139 and 139A ("an invaluable treasure of nautical information"); Grolier English 14; Hill 743; JCB (3) I:317-318; Kraus Drake 27; PMM 105; Sabin 29594; STC 12625; Wagner Spanish Southwest 9.