5 December 2017
PROPERTY OF A PRIVATE COLLECTOR
CARLOS I OF SPAIN (c.1500-1558). Copy of letter to Juan de Garay, Mexico, 3 September 1523.
In Spanish, four pages, 314 x 212mm, (marginal losses affecting a few letters in text; some dampstaining, also affecting text).
A harsh letter from the King of Spain, Carlos I, relating to the colonization of Veracruz. The King’s letter relates to the confrontation between Garay and fellow conquistador Hernán Cortés, who had been granted permission to colonize the Pánuco region. The King narrates the news of the expeditions and advises him to stop his efforts. The present is a copy of the original letter, made in Mexico. In part (translated): “Hernán Cortés told me that because of your armed expeditions the Indians would be upset; which would affect the pacification of those parts. Therefore, I order you from here onwards: do not hire or make expeditions. That is why I order Hernán Cortés to have the free and unlimited right to conquer and populate New Spain. You are ordered not to interfere with the governance and discovery of New Spain, which is now in charge of Hernán Cortés. Therefore you are forbidden to arm, contract, or do anything unless commanded; And if you do, you will be fined with 10,000 ducats. April 24, 1523.”
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