Duke Farms was the vision of Doris Duke's father, James B. "Buck" Duke, one of the country's most successful entrepreneurs at the turn of the 20th century.

Buck Duke, who endowed Duke University and founded Duke Power and the American Tobacco Company, began buying land in central New Jersey in 1893 and assembled more than 37 parcels of farmland, which now comprise one of New Jersey's largest remaining privately owned open spaces.

At Duke Farms, he sought to create a fully operational farm reminiscent of the North Carolina Piedmont farm on which he grew up.

To help him create a wonderland of seemingly natural vistas out of the flat farmland of Hillsborough, Buck Duke commissioned a variety of notable landscape architects and engineers in the creation of Duke Farms, including Buckenham & Miller, James Greenleaf and Elizabeth Biddle Shipman.

By the time he died in 1925, Buck Duke had transformed more than 2,000 acres of farmland and woodlots into an extraordinary landscape accented with fountains, statuary and other visual delights. He excavated 9 lakes, constructed some 45 buildings, and built nearly 2 1/2 miles of stone walls and more than 18 miles of roadway.

Doris Duke was raised on the 2,700-acre estate and the property held a special meaning for her throughout her life. She closely associated it with her father, who died when she was only 12.

Archival photographs courtesy of the Doris Duke Charitable Foundation Archives, Hillsborough, NJ