After the battle of Worcester on 3rd September 1651 Charles escaped with Colonel Carlos to Boscobel House, the home of the Penderell family, in Shropshire. It was here on the 6th September that the King and Carlos hid in the famous oak tree to escape discovery by Cromwellian troops.
The Boscobel oak became a popular royalist symbol, apart from delftware examples depicting this scene, slipware examples and a pewter dish are known. It is interesting to record that the symbolism lived on into the reign of Queen Anne, niece of Charles II and the protestant daughter of James II. Being the last Stuart monarch there was a strong feeling against a Hanoverian succession and the later delftware plates showing the Boscobel scene show there was still strong support for the Jacobite cause (Leslie B. Grigsby, The Longridge Collection of Slipware and Delftware, London, 2000, D43).
Only two other chargers with this subject appear to be recorded: the example in the Glaisher Collection, Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, illustrated by Bernard Rackham, Catalogue of the Glaisher Collection of Pottery and Porcelain (Cambridge, 1935), p. 181, pl. 94 C, no. 1425 showing Charles II with Colonel Carlos, and another in a private collection. The present example has a border closely similar to the dated yacht dish of 1668 in the Burnap collection, see Louis L. Lipski and Michael Archer, Dated English Delftware, London, 1984, p. 29, no. 54.
There is an oval plaque, mounted in oak bark, with the same subject on loan to the Victoria and Albert Museum from HRH The Duke of Gloucester, illustrated by Michael Archer, (ibid), p. 409, no. 1.