Paul Gauguin

A stockbroker who abandoned the humdrum of bourgeois life to pursue a higher calling; an artist who fled to a South Seas paradise to free himself from the influence of Western culture — French Post-Impressionist Paul Gauguin has become an enduring archetype of the bohemian, libertarian painter.

But behind this myth lies an artistic vision unparalleled in late 19th-century art. Over the course of his troubled career, Gauguin transformed Impressionism’s documentary methods with non-representational ideas of myth, symbolism and abstraction. It was a synthesis of ideas that changed painting for ever, and paved the way for the birth of modern art.

Born in Paris in 1848, the son of a radical journalist, Gauguin spent his early childhood in Peru before he and his mother returned to France. At the age of 17, he joined the French merchant navy and spent the next six years at sea. By the early 1870s, he was working as a stockbroker in Paris and investing in Impressionist works.

Encouraged by Camille Pissarro, Gauguin began to paint in the mid-1870s, and was exhibited at the Impressionist exhibition of 1880. After the crash of the French stock market in 1882, he set out to make a living exclusively through painting. It was a choice that would end in penury, and a complete separation from his wife and family.

As the 1880s progressed, Gauguin lived an increasingly peripatetic existence, visiting Brittany, Panama and Martinique. In 1888, the year in which he produced his symbolist masterpiece, Vision after the Sermon: Jacob Wrestling with the Angel (1888), he spent a famously tumultuous few months with Van Gogh at Arles in the South of France.

By 1895, Gauguin had settled permanently in Tahiti. Syphilitic and penniless, and having heard of the death of his daughter, Aline, he painted his Primitivist masterpiece, Where Do We Come From? What Are We? Where Are We Going? (1897) before attempting suicide. In 1901, he fled farther from the art world to the island of Hiva Oa in the Marquesas.

It was only in 1906, when a major retrospective of his work was held in Paris — three years after his death — that Gauguin’s reputation was firmly established.

Works by Gauguin regularly achieve record-breaking sums at auction. In 2022, his monumental and mysterious painting, Maternité II (1899), set a world auction record for the artist when it sold at Christie’s New York for $105.7 million.

[JARRY, Alfred (1873-1907) et Remy de GOURMONT (1858-1915), é d.]

L’Ymagier. Paris : 9 rue de Varenne [Imprimerie Charles Renaudie], 1894-1896. 2 tomes, 8 numéros

[REVUES]

Ensemble de 6 revues et journaux artistiques et littéraires, 1885-1906

PAUL GAUGUIN (1848-1903)

Maternité II

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Fleurs dans un vase

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Jeune homme à la fleur

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Nature morte aux fruits et piments

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Te fare Hymenee (La maison des chants)

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Paysage aux troncs bleus

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Bretonne et oie au bord de l'eau

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Dahlias et mandoline

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Le rêve, Moe Moea

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Les dindons, Pont-Aven

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Nature morte aux tomates

PAUL GAUGUIN (1848-1903)

La Montagne Sainte-Marguerite vue des environs du presbyt è re

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

La maison blanche

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Petites Bretonnes devant la mer (II)

PAUL GAUGUIN (1848-1903)

Fleurs et livres

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

La neige à Copenhague

Paul Gauguin (1843-1903)

Chaumières au flanc de la Montagne Sainte-Marguerite

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Les Pêcheuses de goémon

PAUL GAUGUIN (1848-1903)

Etude de femmes martiniquaises

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Les Pêcheuses de goëmon

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Reine-marguerites, chapeau et livre

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Petit baigneur Breton

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Etable près de Dieppe II

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Rouen, L'Eglise Saint-Ouen

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Jeune Bretonne au bord de la mer

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Nature morte aux trois fruits

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Scène bretonne

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Bretonne et chef modelé de jeune Breton

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Enfant au bavoir

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Figure tahitienne (recto); Etudes de félin et d'enfant (verso)

PAUL GAUGUIN (1848-1903)

Idole Tahitienne

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Deux vaches au pré

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Arearea no varua ino (Words of the Devil)

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Ja Orana Ritou

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Vase avec une baigneuse

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Le chapeau rouge

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Petit berger Breton

PAUL GAUGUIN (1848-1903)

Un coin du mur (effet de nuit)

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

La ferme de la Groue à Osny

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903)

Trois têtes Tahitiennes