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DALECHAMPS, Jacques (1513-1588). Chirurgie Françoise... avec plusiers figures des instrumens necessaries pour l'operation manuelle. Lyon: Guillaume Rouillé, 1569.
DALECHAMPS, Jacques (1513-1588). Chirurgie Françoise... avec plusiers figures des instrumens necessaries pour l'operation manuelle. Lyon: Guillaume Rouillé, 1569.

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DALECHAMPS, Jacques (1513-1588). Chirurgie Françoise... avec plusiers figures des instrumens necessaries pour l'operation manuelle. Lyon: Guillaume Rouillé, 1569.

8o (166 x 99 mm). Printer's woodcut device on title, full-page portrait of the author and over 300 woodcuts in text showing anatomical details, surgical instruments, operations, etc. (many full-page). 17th-century calf (some staining, spine a bit dry); cloth folding case. Provenance: Hubert Bauvé (signature on title); Ira M. Rutkow (pencil signature on rear flyleaf).

RARE FIRST EDITION of an extensively illustrated Renaissance surgical manual by the surgeon, botanist, naturalist and medical humanist, Jacques Dalechamps. In contrast to Ambroise Paré, whose education was practical rather than academic, Dalechamps received his education at Montpellier, completing his doctoral degree in 1547 under the physician naturalist, Guillaume Rondelet. In the true Renaissance spirit Dalechamps wrote on a variety of subjects including botany and natural history as well surgery. Rather than writing strictly a practical textbook on surgery Dalechamp's work of over 900 pages and more than three hundred woodcut illustrations was an effort to compare and contrast the achievements of the classical surgeons of Greece and Rome with the surgery of his own time. Dalechamps based this treatise more or less on the sixth book of Paul of Aegina's De re medica, of which he provided a French translation. He attempted to set the surgery of the ancient world in context, and to compare the surgical knowledge of antiquity with that of the Renaissance. For instruments Dalechamps credits both Paré and Jaques Roy; however, Dalechamps also introduced instruments of his own design which Paré acknowledged in his works. Dalechamps' friends and correspondents included Rondelet, Conrad Gesner, Joseph Justus Scaliger, Robert Constantin and Jean Fernel. RARE: according to American Book Prices Current, no copies have sold at auction in at least 30 years. Waller 2270; Wellcome 1698.

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