An identical bowl formerly from the Tsui Museum of Art Collection is illustrated in Ceramics IV, Hong Kong, 1995, no. 111. It is recorded that bowls of this design were made for a guifei, highest-ranking imperial concubines, or a fei, imperial concubines, op. cit., p. 64. Compare also the bowl sold at Christie's Hong Kong, 5 November 1997, lot 972.