The present luohan bed is supported on the more rarely seen split hoof feet. A luohan bed, of larger proportions, with solid back and sides also raised on similar legs is illustrated by G. Ecke in Chinese Domestic Furniture, Vermont and Tokyo, 1962, pl. 27, no. 1. Another related bed, of similar construction, is in the Philadelphia Museum of Art, illustrated in Philadelphia Museum Bulletin: Winter 1963: Chinese Furniture, Volume LVIII, Number 276, p. 58, no. 2.
Literary texts suggest that luohanchuang were also considered part of everyday furnishings and were used in both formal and semi-formal interiors. Unlike canopy beds, luohan beds could be used to formally receive guests. For a discussion of the varied uses of this style of bed, see Sarah Handler, "Comfort and Joy: A Couch Bed for Day and Night," Journal of the Classical Chinese Furniture Society, Winter 1991, pp. 4-19.