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A PAIR OF GEORGE II MAHOGANY SIDE CHAIRS
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A PAIR OF GEORGE II MAHOGANY SIDE CHAIRS

ATTRIBUTED TO WRIGHT AND ELWICK

Details
A PAIR OF GEORGE II MAHOGANY SIDE CHAIRS
Attributed to Wright and Elwick
Each with serpentine padded back covered in multi-coloured striped cotton with close nailing, above a serpentine apron, on cabriole legs headed by scrolled brackets and stylized foliage, on pad feet with sunken brass castors, restorations, the side seats probably orginally deeper, with consequential cuts to the side seat-rails (2)
Provenance
Almost certainly supplied to Thomas, 1st Marquess of Rockingham (d.1750) or his son the Charles, 2nd Marquess (d. 1782) for Wentworth Woodhouse, Yorkshire, and by descent at that house to
The Earl Fitzwilliam, Wentworth Woodhouse, Yorkshire, sold Christie's London (Spencer House), 15 July 1948, lot 53 (a set of fourteen).
Special Notice

No VAT will be charged on the hammer price, but VAT at 17.5% will be added to the buyer's premium which is invoiced on a VAT inclusive basis.

Lot Essay

Of exceptionally generous proportions, these side chairs were almost certainly supplied to Thomas, 1st Marquess of Rockingham (d. 1750) for Wentworth Woodhouse, Yorkshire, but possibly to his son. Originally from an extensive suite of seat-furniture which remained intact at Wentworth until 1948, the suite comprised, at least, twenty-one side chairs, and may possibly have further included an armchair, a pair of love seats en suite and a larger settee, all of which were sold as consecutive lots by the Earl Fitzwilliam, Christie's London, 15 July 1948, lots 53-57.
Indeed, two of the side chairs are illustrated in the in situ photograph taken at Christie's temporary premises at Spencer House, London at the time of that sale (see the Wentworth catalogue, Christie's London, 20-22 April, p. 111). A further bergere, which also passed by descent from Wentworth, was sold by the Trustees of the Olive, Countess Fitzwilliam Chattels Settlement, Christie's London, 8 July 1998, lot 25; whilst a another side chair was resold from the Rosenthal collection, Sotheby's New York, 1 October 1994, lot 172. Thomas Watson-Wentworth, Lord Malton and later 1st Marquess of Rockingham was responsible for the creation of, arguably, the grandest of English Palladian houses. A friend of Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington (d. 1753), he supervised every stage of the building of Wentworth Woodhouse himself, at first seeking the advice of a local architect, Ralph Tunnicliffe (d. 1736) before turning to another Yorkshire gentleman-architect, Sir Thomas Robinson (d. 1777) and, subsequently, to Burlington's protégé Henry Flitcroft (d. 1769). At the time of Rockingham's death in 1750, the main structure of the continued well into the 1760's, when the majority of the Wright and Elwick furniture was supplied, Rockingham made payments to Wright and Elwick for furniture, specialist upholstery work and 'India' paper as early as 1748-9. It is, therefore, certainly probable that these chairs, like so much of the seat-furniture at Wentworth, were supplied by the celebrated Wakefield firm established in 1747 by Richard Wright and Edward Elwick.

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