A fine portrait of Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany (1769-1824) and members of his family in a woodland landscape, he in long brown coat, white waistcoat, black stock, frilled cravat, buff breeches and black boots, powdered hair, in his hands a laurel branch held aloft towards a bust of his mother, Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain (1745-1792) on a plinth, on top of which rests a black hat; his consort, Princess Luisa of Naples and Sicily (1773-1802) seated on a carved tree stump, in striped green and gold silk dress with white lace-bordered fichu, white lace scarf and plume over her curled hair, her son, Archduke Francis Leopold (1794-1800) on her lap in white muslin shift, her daughter, Archduchess Caroline Ferdinanda (1793-1802) at the base of the plinth, in white dress with blue sash around waist, holding aloft a laurel wreath towards her father
on card
rectangular, 14 x 11 in. (356 x 276 mm.), giltwood and gesso frame

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Lot Essay

Ferdinand III, Grand Duke of Tuscany, was the son of Leopold II (1747-1792), Holy Roman Emperor 1790-1792 and his consort, Infanta Maria Luisa of Spain, whose bust statue appears in the present portrait. Born in Florence, Ferdinand became Grand Duke of Tuscany in 1790 on his father's election as Emperor. In 1790 he married Princess Luisa of Naples and Sicily, daughter of Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies (1751-1825) and Maria Carolina of Austria (1752-1814), a sister of Queen Marie Antoinette of France.
Under the terms of the Treaty of Aranjuez in 1801 Ferdinand was forced out of Florence by Napoleon to make way for the Kingdom of Etruria but was awarded the Dukedom and Electorate of Salzburg as compensation for the loss of power in Tuscany. Ferdinand and his family went into exile and lived in Vienna. The couple had six children but the two eldest, Archduke Francis Leopold and Archduchess Caroline Ferdinanda, who appear in the present portrait, died aged six and nine. Ferdinand was therefore succeeded by his second son, Leopold II (1797-1870) in 1824 after the restoration as Grand-Duke of Tuscany.
A portrait miniature on ivory of Princess Luisa of Naples and her young children, Archduke Francis Leopold and Archduchess Caroline Ferdinanda, seated in a landscape is illustrated in colour in R. Keil, Die Porträtminiaturen des Hauses Habsburg, Vienna, 1999, p. 131, no. 255.

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