Jan Brueghel the Elder (Brussels 1568-1625 Antwerp)
Jan Brueghel the Elder (Brussels 1568-1625 Antwerp)

The deer park of the Château of Mariemont

Jan Brueghel the Elder (Brussels 1568-1625 Antwerp)
The deer park of the Château of Mariemont
with inscription '3697 / cad. Gercherain (?) X' (verso)
pen and brown ink, brown, green, and blue wash, brown ink framing lines
21.2 x 24.6 cm.
Emile Calando (1840-1899) (L. 837), with his inscription '1928B' and '1193-6', by descent to
Emile Calando jr. (d. 1953); Hôtel Drouot, Paris, 17-18 March 1927, lot 179 ('Genre de Gillis Neyts, Le parc aux biches, plume et aquarelle, monture ancienne, 213 x 245'; sold for 150 francs to an anonymous buyer).
possibly with Hevesi, Vienna; from whom purchased by I.Q. van Regteren Altena in December 1929 for 100 guilders (Inventory book: 't. 844. Brueghel en Claude landschap').
E. Haverkamp Begemann and A.M.S. Logan, European Drawings and Watercolours in the Yale University Art Gallery 1500-1900, New Haven and London, 1970, I, p. 286, under no. 524, note 2.
M. Winner, 'Neubestimmtes und Unbestimmtes im zeichnerischen Werk von Jan Breughel d. Ä', Jahrbuch der Berliner Museen, XIV, 1972, pp. 155-157, pl. 35.
K. Ertz, Jan Brueghel der Ältere (1568-1625): Kritischer Katalog der Gemälde, Lingen, 2010, III, p. 1220, under no. 563, fig. 563/1.
Rotterdam, Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen, Paris, Fondation Custodia, and Brussels, Bibliothèque Albert 1er, Le Cabinet d'un Amateur: Dessins flamands et hollandais des XVIe et XVIIe siècles d'une collection privée d'Amsterdam, 1976-77, no. 35, pl. 102 (catalogue by J. Giltaij).

Brought to you by

Harriet West
Harriet West

Check the condition report or get in touch for additional information about this

If you wish to view the condition report of this lot, please sign in to your account.

Sign in
View condition report

Lot Essay

The present drawing is a study for a detail in the painting Infanta Isabella Clara Eugenia and her entourage in the park at Mariemont in the Prado, Madrid (inv. 1429, Ertz, op. cit., no. 563) (Fig. 1). The three deer depicted in the foreground of the drawing appear far right. Brueghel rearranged the group slightly in the painting, moving the left-hand deer to the right, but otherwise the position of the animals remains the same.

The Prado picture was commissioned by the Archduke Albert VII and his wife Isabella Clara Eugenia and was one of a large series. Although Brueghel was never appointed official painter to the Spanish court he did have a close relationship with Albert VII and his wife and executed numerous paintings for them. The Prado picture was dated around 1620 by Ertz and based on this, he suggested a date for the drawing of around 1618. However he noted that on stylistic grounds, a later date should not be entirely ruled out. An earlier date of around 1611 was suggested by Winner in his 1972 article (Winner, op. cit., p. 155).

This is one of the few known drawings by Jan Brueghel the Elder depicting animals. Brueghel's masterly draughtsmanship can be seen in his delicate use of pen and wash as well as the treatment of perspective in this unusual piece. Another more sketchy drawing by Brueghel, also showing deer, was with Bob Haboldt in 2002 (see N.J. Habraken and G. Freuler, Singular vision, Amsterdam, 2012, p. 196).

We are grateful to Louisa Wood Ruby who has confirmed the attribution and will include the drawing in her forthcoming catalogue raisonné of the drawings of Jan Brueghel the Elder.

Fig. 1. Jan Brueghel the Elder, Infanta Isabella Clara Eugenia and her entourage in the park at Mariemont, oil on canvas, Museo del Prado, Madrid © Madrid, Museo Nacional del Prado.

More from The I.Q. van Regteren Altena Collection Part IV

View All
View All