JESUIT RELATIONS. --SEQUEIRA, Luis de (1693-1763). Relaçao summaria da prizam, tormentos, e glorioso martyrio dos veneraveis padres Antonio Joseph, Portuguez, e Tristam de Attimis, Italiano, ambos da Companhia de Jesus, da v. provincia da China. Lisbon: Francisco da Silva, 1751.
4° (195 x 135 mm). (Some staining to title and a few preliminary margins, paper flaw on one upper margin just affecting pagination slightly.) Modern plain paper wrappers.
FIRST EDITION of this work which deals with the persecution, arrest, imprisonment and execution of a group of Jesuit missionaries under the Qianlong Emperor. “During the violent outbreak of persecution in Fukien, in 1746, Hukwang and Kiangnan enjoyed a relative peace that lasted until the end of 1747 when two Jesuits working in Kiangnan, Antonio Jose Henriques and Tristano Francesco de Attimis, were arrested, condemned to death and executed” (Joseph Krahl, China Missions in Crisis, 1964, p. 52-53).
The Jesuit presence in China underwent different periods with the local authorities, some of great favor and some less so. This chapter of the Sino-Jesuit relations is to be considered amongst the most agitated. The relations under the Manchu were overall excellent, especially under Kangxi, who had little hesitation to appoint the Jesuits as advisers on mapping and engineering. The persecution, martyrdom and imprisonment of these priests, was one of the few periods of unrest for the missionaries. An edition in Spanish was printed by Nicolas de la Cruz Bagay in Manila in the same year.
De Backer & Sommervogel VII, 1132; Palau, 309407 (Manila edition); Streit VII: 3406-3407.