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BERTRAND RUSSELL (1872-1970)
During the First World War, Bertrand Russell engaged in pacifist activities, with the approval of Ottoline and Philip Morrell and many of their Bloomsbury friends. In 1916 he was convicted under the Defence of the Realm Act, and lost his fellowship at Trinity College, Cambridge. The friendship between Russell and Ottoline was close and profoundly important to her - indeed, Morrell's biographer, Miranda Seymour, judged it to be 'of more importance than any other ... in [her] life' - but eventually, as with many of her relationships, there was a breach. In 1932 Virginia Woolf recorded in her diary how Ottoline had been hurt by Russell: 'Talk of Bertie's autobiography, private: he devotes a chapter of abuse to her ... She uses too much scent and powder. She had meant nothing to him. "This he sent me -- I could only write back 'Et tu Brute?' -- I've had Lawrence, Aldous, Canaan, Osbert -- now Bertie."' (Diary, vol 4, p.73)