Pablo Picasso

Few artists have achieved the success and celebrity of Pablo Picasso or been so instrumental in fashioning the public’s understanding of what art and the artist can be. By the end of his long life, Picasso had become the defining artist of his century. His career spanned nearly 80 years and numerous celebrated love affairs — and although he saw himself primarily as a painter, he had worked in almost every medium, from ceramics to theatrical design.

Born in Malaga in 1881, the young Picasso displayed a precocious talent that was fostered by his father, a university art teacher. At the age of 14 he was producing astonishingly accomplished works like Girl with Bare Feet (1895). Yet, as he was to say famously of his early training, ‘It took me four years to paint like Raphael, but a lifetime to paint like a child.’ It was Picasso’s quest for this playful, primal and childlike perspective that would come to define his work and have such a profound effect on the course of modern art.

His first success was forged at the tail end of Post-Impressionism, having settled in Montmartre, Paris, in the early 1900s. Following flirtations with Symbolism during his Blue and Rose Periods, he became increasingly influenced by Cezanne and then by non-Western art. In 1907 he produced his Primitivist masterpiece painting, Les Demoiselles d’Avignon (1907). By 1908, he and Georges Braque had taken Primitivism a step further with their development of Cubism. Beautifully exampled in Picasso’s Woman with Guitar (‘Ma Jolie’) (1911–12), Cubism tore up the rules of single-perspective representation that had defined art since the Renaissance. It was a revolutionary moment that would dictate the course of 20th-century art.

Picasso would live in France until his death in 1973, continuously inventing and responding to the ideas of the wider artistic world and producing some of the defining works of the 20th century. Guernica (1937), Les femmes d’Alger (Version ‘O’) (1955), his portraits of Dora Maar, his minotaur etchings, his salvage sculptures and ceramics all continue to stand as testament to his versatile and prolific talent. Picasso was businessman, genius and maverick in equal measure.


Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Les femmes d'Alger (Version 'O')

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Fillette à la corbeille fleurie

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Nude, Green Leaves and Bust

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Femme assise près d'une fenêtre (Marie-Thérèse)

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Buste de femme (Femme à la résille)

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Portrait d'Angel Fernández de Soto

PABLO PICASSO (1881-1973)

Tête de femme (Fernande)

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Femme assise, robe bleue

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Femme accroupie (Jacqueline)

PABLO PICASSO (1881-1973)

Mousquetaire à la pipe II

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Femme assise dans un fauteuil

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Femme dans un fauteuil

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Les femmes d'Alger (version 'F')

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Femme assise, robe bleue

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Claude et Paloma

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Femme au costume turc dans un fauteuil

PABLO PICASSO (1881-1973)

Femme accroupie en costume turc II (Jacqueline)

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Femme dans un fauteuil (Dora Maar)

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

La Lettre (La Réponse)

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Buste de femme (Dora Maar)

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Homme à l’épée

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Portrait de femme (Dora Maar)

PABLO PICASSO (1881-1973)

Buste d’homme dans un cadre

PABLO PICASSO (1881-1973)

La fenê tre ouverte

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Jeune fille endormie

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Les femmes d'Alger, version L

PABLO PICASSO (1881-1973)

Femme nue couchée au collier (Marie-Thérèse)

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Homme à la pipe

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Femme au chat assise dans un fauteuil

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Buste de Françoise

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Femme dans un fauteuil

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Figure (de femme inspirée par la guerre d’Espagne)

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Homme et femme nus

PABLO PICASSO (1881-1973)

Homme à la pipe

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Mousquetaire à la pipe

PABLO PICASSO (1881-1973)

L’Arlésienne (Lee Miller)

PABLO PICASSO (1881-1973)

Femme assise dans un fauteuil noir (Jacqueline)

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Femme dans un fauteuil (Françoise)

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Buste de femme

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Deux femmes et enfant

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Tête de femme (Jacqueline)

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Partition, Guitare, Compotier

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Femme au béret orange et au col de fourrure (Marie-Thérèse)

Pablo Picasso (1881-1973)

Femme accoudée