This bureau en pente is characteristic of the oeuvre of Bernard II Van Risenburgh, maître circa 1730,known by his initials as BVRB, who was one of the most celebrated ébénistes of the 18th century. After gaining his maitrise, BVRB established his own workshop independently of his father where his work stood apart from that of his contemporaries with its innovative conception, construction and sophisticated gilt-bronze mounts. He worked almost exclusively for the foremost Parisian marchands-merciers of the mid-18th Century such as Thomas-Joachim Hébert, Lazare Duvaux and Simon-Philippe Poirier, who supplied BVRB with rich and exotic materials such as Japanese lacquer and Sèvres porcelain, which were incorporated into his finest pieces and sold to the most prestigious clientele.
Although BVRB collaborated with different marchands and, he developed a highly personal and distinctive style which makes his work instantly recognizable. Perhaps the most significant sign is the exceptional quality of his mounts. Their impeccable ciselure lends them a sculptural fluidity unmatched by his contemporaries and most are unique to his oeuvre. This not only identifies his work but also suggests that unlike other ébénistes, he either designed his own mounts or retained a bronzier for his exclusive use. BVRB has also been credited with reviving the fashion for floral marquetry decoration on furniture, a taste which had been out of favor since the Régence period. Indeed, the first deliveries of floral marquetry furniture to the Garde-Meuble were by the marchand-mercier Thomas-Joachim Hébert in 1745 for the Dauphin and the Dauphine at Versailles, and these were almost entirely by BVRB, embellished with his characteristic bois de bout marquetry. Hébert's delivery to the Garde-Meuble, dated 18 February 1745 for Dauphine at Versailles included a bureau en pente of closely related from and decoration (A. Pradère, Les Ebénistes Français de Louis XIV à la Revolution, 1989, p. 192. fig. 179).
Similar examples to the present lot by or attributed to BVRB include a bureau de dame stamped BVRB from the Seligmann and Polès Collections, sold Drouot, Montaigne, Binoche and Godeau, Paris, 6 November 1991, lot 35, a bureau en pente stamped twice BVRB previously from the collection of Marvin Alexander and Segoura, sold Christie’s, New York, 19 October 2006, lot 237 and a bureau en pente attributed to BVRB from the Collection of Monsieur Rene Smadja, sold Christie's, Paris, 19 December 2007, lot 725.